History of Emancipation Day

April 16, 1862 marks the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia. Over 3,000 enslaved persons were freed eight months before the Emancipation Proclamation liberated slaves in the South. The District also has the distinction of being the only part of the United States to have compensated slave owners for freeing enslaved persons they held.

Articles on Slavery

The Radical Republicans

From Slavery to the Military

Reconstruction and Post Reconstruction Photos and Documents

Images of Slavery Gallery